Sir Paul Maxime Nurse (born1949), is an English geneticist, former President of the Royal Society and Chief Executive and Director of the Francis Crick Institute. Paul Nurse grew up with his grandparents, thinking his grandparents were his parents. He did not find out the truth until he was in his fifties. Paul Nurse attended the University of Birmingham and went on to a career in research, including publishing extensively. He was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with Leland Hartwell and Tim Hunt for their discoveries of protein molecules that control the division of cells in the cell cycle.