Writers

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Lucy Maud Montgomery

1874-1942

Lucy Maud Montgomery was born in Clifton (now New London) in Prince Edward Island (November 30, 1874 – April 24, 1942). She published as L. M. Montgomery and was a Canadian author best known for a series of novels beginning in 1908 with Anne of Green Gables.

Her mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, died of tuberculosis (TB) when Lucy was twenty-one months old. Stricken with grief, her father, Hugh John Montgomery, placed Lucy in the custody (kinship care) of her maternal grandparents, though he remained in the vicinity. However, when Lucy was seven, he moved to Prince Albert, North-West Territories. From then on Lucy was raised soley by her grandparents.

Anne of Green Gables - Anne Shirley, an orphaned girl, made Montgomery famous in her lifetime and gave her an international following. The first novel was followed by a series of sequels with Anne as the central character. Montgomery went on to publish 20 novels as well as 530 short stories, 500 poems, and 30 essays. Most of the novels were set in Prince Edward Island, and locations within Canada's smallest province which became a literary landmark and popular tourist site – namely Green Gables farm, the genesis of Prince Edward Island National Park. She was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1935. Montgomery's work, diaries and letters have been read and studied by scholars and readers worldwide.